Verbe statice în limba engleză

Verbe statice in limba englezaÎn limba engleză, unele verbe nu pot fi folosite la forma lor continuă (sau apar în această formă doar în anumite cazuri). Verbele de acest tip se numesc verbe statice (stative verbs) sau noncontinue (non-continuous verbs).

Toate celelalte verbe sunt verbe dinamice (dynamic verbs). Diferența dintre verbele dinamice și cele statice este următoarea:

Ascultă varianta audio a lecției pentru explicații suplimentare.

Categorii de verbe statice

Mental and emotional states: like, dislike, love, hate, prefer, remember, want, think, understand

E.g.: I like what he is saying. (not I am liking)
E.g.: Thanks for the hint! Now I remember that day. (not I am remembering)

Communication verbs: agree, disagree, mean, promise

E.g.: We agree with you, but there’s something we’d like to suggest. (not We are agreeing)
E.g.: Go ahead and buy the dress; I mean it. (not I am meaning)

Sense verbs: hear, see, sound, smell, taste, feel

E.g.: I see a ship far in the distance. (not I am seeing)
E.g.: This soup tastes horribly. (not It is tasting)

Possession verbs: own, possess, have, belong

E.g.: Our great news is that we finally own a beautiful house downtown. (not we are owning)
E.g.: Right now, she has a pet turtle, but she’ll give it away soon. (not she is having)

Abstract verbs: be, exist, seem, need, cost

E.g.: I am the person you are looking for. (not I am being)
E.g.: It seems that the rain is coming. (not It is seeming)

Verbe mixte

Iar acum să vedem câteva exemple în care folosim același verb ca verb static și ca verb dinamic. Contextul în care verbul se află determină tipul său. Verbele care pot fi statice sau dinamice poartă și denumirea de verbe mixte.

to think

E.g.: I think this is a bad idea. (stative)
E.g.: I am thinking of you. (dynamic)

to feel

E.g.: She feels very confident. (stative)
E.g.: She is feeling the texture of the carpet. (dynamic)

to have

E.g.: We have enough towels. (stative)
E.g.: We are having dinner together. (dynamic)

to be

E.g.: They are at the museum. (stative)
E.g.: They are being ironic. (dynamic)

 

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