Prin Past Tense Simple facem referire la acțiuni punctuale care au început și s-au terminat în trecut. Pentru acest timp verbal, avem nevoie de forma a doua a verbului. În cazul verbelor regulate, lucrurile sunt foarte simple: adăugăm -ed la finalul primei forme. Verbele neregulate nu se comportă la fel, dar găsești aici toate resursele de care ai nevoie pentru a le învăța și exersa.

2. Clara watched TV yesterday
Past Simple

Pune cursorul pe text pentru a vedea traducerea.

  1. Past Simple is the tense that refers to actions completed in the past.
  2. Past Simple requires the second form of the verb.
  3. Verbs may be regular or irregular. This is reflected in their second form.

When do I use Past Simple?

Past Simple is used for actions that started and finished in the past.

How do I recognize Past Simple?

Past Simple is often marked by explicit or implicit adverbs or time expressions.

Regular and irregular verbs

English verbs may be regular or irregular. This is linked to their second form. For Past Simple, we need the second form of the verb, which is formed like this:

Affirmative / Interrogative / Negative

Regular verb: to watch

Affirmative Singular Plural
1st person I watched TV yesterday. We watched TV yesterday.
2nd person You watched TV yesterday. You watched TV yesterday.
3rd person He watched TV yesterday.
She watched TV yesterday.
It watched the birds yesterday.
They watched TV yesterday.
Interrogative Singular Plural
1st person Did I watch TV yesterday? Did we watch TV yesterday?
2nd person Did you watch TV yesterday? Did you watch TV yesterday?
3rd person Did he watch TV yesterday?
Did she watch TV yesterday?
Did it watch the birds yesterday?
Did they watch TV yesterday?
Negative Singular Plural
1st person I did not watch TV yesterday. We did not watch TV yesterday.
2nd person You did not watch TV yesterday. You did not watch TV yesterday.
3rd person He did not watch TV yesterday.
She did not watch TV yesterday.
It did not watch the birds yesterday.
They did not watch TV yesterday.

Irregular verb: to drink

Affirmative Singular Plural
1st person I drank whiskey yesterday. We drank whiskey yesterday.
2nd person You drank whiskey yesterday. You drank whiskey yesterday.
3rd person He drank whiskey yesterday.
She drank whiskey yesterday.
It drank milk yesterday.
They drank whiskey yesterday.
Interrogative Singular Plural
1st person Did I drink whiskey yesterday? Did we drink whiskey yesterday?
2nd person Did you drink whiskey yesterday? Did you drink whiskey yesterday?
3rd person Did he drink whiskey yesterday?
Did she drink whiskey yesterday?
Did it drink milk yesterday?
Did they drink whiskey yesterday?
Negative Singular Plural
1st person I did not drink whiskey yesterday. We did not drink whiskey yesterday.
2nd person You did not drink whiskey yesterday. You did not drink whiskey yesterday.
3rd person He did not drink whiskey yesterday.
She did not drink whiskey yesterday.
It did not drink milk yesterday.
They did not drink whiskey yesterday.

How do I form Past Simple?

Affirmative
Subject + Verb II + (...)
e.g.: I (subject) watched (verb) TV yesterday.

1st person, sg. → I watched TV yesterday.
3rd person, sg. → She watched TV yesterday.
1st person, sg. → I drank whiskey yesterday.
3rd person, sg. → She drank whiskey yesterday.

Remember that:

Interrogative
Did + Subject + Verb I + (...) + ?
e.g.: Did I (subject) watch (verb) TV yesterday?

1st person, sg. → Did I watch TV yesterday?
3rd person, sg. → Did she watch TV yesterday?
1st person, sg. → Did I drink whiskey yesterday?
3rd person, sg. → Did she drink whiskey yesterday?

Remember that:

Negative
Subject + Did Not + Verb I + (...)
e.g.: I (subject) did not watch (verb) TV yesterday.

1st person, sg. → I did not watch TV yesterday.
3rd person, sg. → She did not watch TV yesterday.
1st person, sg. → I did not drink whiskey yesterday.
3rd person, sg. → She did not drink whiskey yesterday.

Remember that:

Surprise!