Ascultă explicațiile audio pentru cei 60 de termeni medicali (N – Z)
narcolepsy – narcolepsie, narcoleptic – narcoleptic
Her daytime sleep episodes are uncontrollable. She’s a narcoleptic, currently undergoing treatment.
nausea – greață
Don’t worry. Nausea is a common side effect of this treatment.
necrosis – necroză
The patient’s necrosis had extended quickly. They had to amputate his entire leg.
neonate / newborn / infant – nou-născut
Newborns react well to sounds they heard while in their mother’s womb.
nerve cell – neuron
Drugs mimic neurotransmitters and trick nerve cells into sending abnormal messages.
neurology – neurologie, neurologist – neurolog
The autistic child is being evaluated by a multidisciplinary team from the neurology, psychiatry and pediatrics departments.
obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD – tulburare obsesiv-compulsivă
Her OCD is time-consuming: before leaving her apartment, she opens and closes all doors, turns all the lights and the taps on and off again, and checks the gas cooker knobs – everything five times!
obstetrics – obstetrică, obstetrician – obstetrician
Her obstetrician decided to induce labor in her 35th week of pregnancy.
obstruction – obstrucție, ocluzie
The patient’s peritonitis was caused by an untreated intestinal obstruction.
oncology – oncologie, oncologist – oncolog
The pathologist’s evaluation of the biopsy determined the oncologist to start radiation immediately.
optic nerve – nerv optic
His optic nerve damage is a consequence of his elevated intracranial pressure.
overdose or OD – supradoză
Heroin and morphine overdoses can be prevented with antagonist drugs, like naloxone.
pacemaker – stimulator cardiac
Pacemakers maintain an adequate heart rate when the patient’s heart is unable to do so by itself.
painkiller – calmant, analgezic
They started her on morphine because milder painkillers didn’t work anymore.
panic attack – atac de panică
When the panic attack subsided, he was completely exhausted.
paralysis – paralizie, paralyzed – paralizat
During REM sleep, most of the body is paralyzed, so that we don’t act out our dreams.
parasite – parazit
Keratin and sebum protect us from parasites trying to enter our skin.
pathology – patologie, pathogenic – patogen
The virus mutated and has become even more pathogenic.
pediatrics – pediatrie, pediatrician – medic pediatru
You should see a pediatrician because these symptoms could mean something else in a child.
physician – medic
It is best to consult a physician before taking any supplements.
plastic surgery – chirurgie plastică
He underwent reconstructive plastic surgery one year after the accident.
pregnancy – sarcină
She started wearing maternity clothes during her second trimester of pregnancy.
prophylaxis – profilaxie
Post-exposure prophylaxis doesn’t guarantee that the virus won’t start replicating.
psychosomatic – psihosomatic
Placebo treatment can work when the illness is psychosomatic.
quarantine – carantină
The entire building was in quarantine after the anthrax attack. Most people left in the evening, after a decontamination shower.
radiotherapy – radioterapie
Before surgery, radiotherapy is used to shrink the tumor and make it easier to remove.
rash – urticarie
By the time they saw a doctor, the baby’s diaper rash had spread to his back.
relapse – recidivă
He had been sober for three years, but had a sudden relapse during the winter holidays.
remission – remisiune
Although her pancreatic cancer has been in remission for three years, she is afraid it might come back.
renal stone, kidney stone – piatră la rinichi
Passing a renal stone usually requires nothing more than plenty of water and pain medication.
retinal detachment – dezlipire de retină
The retinal detachment became obvious when he started seeing curved door edges.
rheumatism – reumatism
There are various types of rheumatism. Most of them have joint pain and swelling in common.
saliva – salivă, salivary gland – glandă salivară
Hepatitis C can’t be spread through saliva, but you can never be too careful.
seizure – atac, criză
Convulsive epileptic seizures are dangerous. Somebody must join you at all times.
septicemia – septicemie
Her fever, high respiratory rate and high white cell count indicate septicemia.
sclerosis – scleroză
Atherosclerosis can go undetected for a long time. The best treatment is prevention – quit smoking, eat healthy food and exercise daily.
subcutaneous – subcutanat
Subcutaneous injections are less scary than intramuscular and intravenous ones.
stroke – atac cerebral
Strokes usually leave survivors with some type of disability.
syndrome – sindrom
She decided to have an abortion because her baby would have had the Down syndrome.
tapeworm – tenie
Don’t consume undercooked food. You can ingest tapeworms and get a digestive infection.
thermometer – termometru
There are three places in which a thermometer can be inserted. Hopefully, the doctor will measure your axillary or sub-lingual temperature.
thrombosis – tromboză
Flight attendants are prone to deep vein thrombosis because of the cramped space and the reduced air pressure.
tomography – tomografie, computed tomography or CT – tomografie computerizată
A CT scan provides pictures of thin slices of your organs, in order for doctors to better assess your condition.
toothache – durere de dinți
My excruciating toothache ended when my tooth nerve died. I fell in a deep slumber and woke up fresh as a daisy.
tuberculosis or TB – tuberculoză sau TBC
Although most often found in the lungs, TB can spread to any other organs.
ultrasound – ultrasunet
An ultrasound examination will help confirm the pregnancy.
unconsciousness – inconștiență, unconscious – inconștient
He has been unconscious for too long. The concussion must be quite severe.
urea – uree
Urea has no physiological purpose in our bodies. However, we synthesize it from inorganic materials to use it as a fertilizer and in various other ways.
urinary tract – tract urinar
If you treat them, urinary tract infections are not dangerous. But, if you don’t, they can spread from the bladder to the kidneys and cause serious damage.
urology – urologie, urologist – urolog
The urologist believes that her urinary incontinence is caused by stress and that surgical treatment probably won’t be necessary.
uterus – uter
By the end of a pregnancy, the uterus becomes the size of a watermelon.
vaccine – vaccin, vaccination – vaccinare
The HPV vaccine does not protect against all types of HPV.
valve – valvă
Two of his heart valves need to be replaced with artificial ones.
varicose veins – vene varicoase
Her varicose veins don’t allow her to stand for too long.
ventricular fibrillation – fibrilație ventriculară
Ischemic heart disease is the most frequent cause of ventricular fibrillation.
vertigo – vertij
The doctor is trying to determine the underlying cause of his vertigo.
visual acuity – acuitate vizuală
visual field – câmp vizual
Although her visual field is narrow, her visual acuity is quite impressive.
water retention – retenție de apă
Water retention is very common in people with a disorder of the thyroid gland.
weight loss – pierdere în greutate, to lose weight – a slăbi
Don’t starve yourself if you want to lose weight. Your body will feel threatened and will deposit all the fat it can get.
white blood cell – leucocite
A high white blood cell count indicates that there is an infection in your body.
wisdom tooth – măsea de minte
All of my wisdom teeth had to be extracted because they were affecting my other molars.
X-ray – raze X
Based on your chest X-ray, you might have emphysema. A CT scan is required at this point.
yeast infection – candidoză
Yeast infections can normally be prevented through good personal hygiene.
zoster – zona zoster
Chickenpox and zoster are triggered by the same virus. Zoster occurs when the latent virus reactivates.